APPALACHIAN: Generally defined as a person from the 13-state Appalachian region of the eastern United States, which extends from southern New York to northern Mississippi and includes 32 Ohio counties. 

BIPOC: An acronym that stands for “Black, Indigenous, and people of color” (pronounced “bye-pock”), which can frame broader discussions about issues of race.

DEMOGRAPHIC DIVERSITY: Differences within a population such as gender, age, race, socioeconomic status, ability, etc.

DISABILITY: The OAC uses the definition of disability contained in Sec. 12102 of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), as amended by the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-325), which went into effect on January 1, 2009. Generally, an individual with a disability is defined by the ADA as a person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, a person who has a history or record of such an impairment, or a person who is perceived by others as having such an impairment.

FINAL REPORT: Most Ohio Arts Council grant awards require the grantee to submit a written report near or following the conclusion of a grant period that describes the results of the funded project and/or activities. Final reports are completed online in the ARTIE system, and typically ask grantees to provide details on things like the what outcomes were achieved, the number of individuals who benefited, exactly how OAC funds were spent, and how successful the work was overall. Work samples or other electronic materials can often be attached to final reports to help illustrate results. Many OAC programs make either full or final payments contingent upon approval of a completed final report. 

GRANT AGREEMENT: Ohio Arts Council grant awards require either the individual or organization receiving funds to enter into a legally binding agreement with the state of Ohio that specifies services to be completed during a given time frame in exchange for an agreed upon grant award. Grant agreements are completed online in the ARTIE system. 

HISTORICALLY UNDERREPRESENTED POPULATIONS: Groups whose representation in a given activity has been disproportionately low relative to their numbers in the general population, or groups who have been denied access to those activities and/or suffered past institutional discrimination. Examples include, but are not limited to, the BIPOC community, people with disabilities, older adults, Appalachian and rural communities, lower income communities, LGBTQ+ communities, veterans, and justice-impacted citizens.

JUSTICE-IMPACTED CITIZENS: Individuals who have been incarcerated or detained in a prison, local jail, juvenile detention center, or any other carceral setting. This term may also be seen to include those who have been convicted but not incarcerated, those who have been charged but not convicted, and/or those who have been arrested.

LGBTQ+: An acronym that stands for “lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer” with a “+” to indicate further sexual orientations and/or gender identities.

LOWER INCOME COMMUNITIES: Generally understood to describe geographic areas with poverty rates at or above Ohio’s statewide poverty rate of 13.6 percent per the U.S. Census Bureau’s most recent American Community Survey (2020 as of this writing). 

MATCH: Additional financial resources from non-Ohio Arts Council sources, either earned or contributed (e.g., admissions income, individual or corporate donations, other grant income, concession sales, etc.) that will support the same project that the OAC grant request/award is supporting. (For example, a grant request of $4,500 from a grant program with a 1:1 cash match would require listing at least an additional $4,500 from other sources.)

OLDER ADULTS:  The OAC defines older adults as persons more than 55 years of age. Families and communities often define age in other ways, including family status (e.g., grandparents), physical appearance, or age-related health conditions.

RURAL COMMUNITIES:  The U.S. Census Bureau describes rural locations as, "any population, housing, or territory not in an urban area,” with urban areas being those with populations greater than between 2,500 and 50,000 people. The U.S. Department of Agriculture provides several useful maps of Ohio’s many rural areas.

VETERAN: The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs defines a veteran as “a person who served in the active military, naval, or air service, and who was discharged or released therefrom under conditions other than dishonorable.”